Historic Preservation: Building Description

Lewis Store, which is located on 1200 Caroline street is a primarily brick, three bay Georgian style establishment. Though this dwelling is currently 2.5 stories when it was originally built in 1749 it was only 1.5 stories. The second story was added in 1807  while the building was being restored due to damage done by a fire. Lewis Store is located on the corner of East Caroline and Lewis Streets with the primary elevation on East Caroline Street and the secondary elevation on Lewis Street.

Lewis store is rectangular in shape and relatively small. The windows and doors of the building are laid out symmetrically. Though Lewis store is mainly brick there are wood frames surrounding the windows. The bricks on the primary and secondary elevations are laid in a flemish-bond pattern. However on the gable they are laid in an english-bond pattern. One interesting features of the structure are the quoins. The quoins are rather large and appear to be made of sand stone and end four layers of brick before the roof begins.
There is one brick exterior end chimney situated on the rear of Lewis store.  The structure has a very uniform front gable roof, which has a white wooden frame around the the outside and gutters around the sides. The doors of the structure are located in the center of both the primary and secondary elevations. They are both flush doors, made of wood, painted white and slightly indented into the wall. Both doors also have a five panel transom above them. However, the primary elevation door differs from that of the secondary elevation due to the jack arch situated above it.
All of the windows are double hung with white wood frames and no glaze, shutters, or blinds. The windows of the primary elevation, first story are on either side of the door and are both nine over six. Just like the door on this elevation both windows have jack arches above them. The second story, primary elevation windows are lined up with those of the first story however, both of these double hung widows are six over six just like the attic window which is centered in-between and above the second story windows. The windows of the first story second elevation follow the same pattern as the primary elevation with 9 over 6 double hung windows on either side of the door. On the second story of this elevation there are three windows which are symmetrically positioned with one directly above the door and the other two in line with the windows below them.
Because, the building is located on a hill in order to reach the door on the primary elevation there are two stone steps with a metal hand railing on the right side. Lewis store appears to be holding up exceptionally for it’s 206 years. However, some of the sandstone quoins are becoming worn out and look as though they will eventually need repair along with some of the bricks. This property characterizes the georgian style perfectly with it’s gable roof, symmetry, transoms, and double hung windows.

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