Final Project Summary!

The idea of adding fluoride to a communities water supply or water fluoridation has been a controversial issue since the practice began. Fluoridation is very beneficial to dental health, particularly for those who do not receive regular dental care, however there are many risks that have been associated with it.

In my paper I talked about both sides of the fluoridation debate. The main benefit of water fluoridation is the drop in the average amount of cavities. This is because fluoride causes a molting on teeth which makes them stronger against decay. A study done in Brazil showed that in a fluoridated area 0% of children had 11-15 cavities while in a non fluoridated area 20% had 11-15 cavities. However, some studies show that children are being overexposed to fluoride which is causing dental fluorosis to sky rocket. The main argument against water fluoridation is ethics. A great number of people believe that when the government adds fluoride to our water they are medicating us against our will.

In my opinion the benefits of water fluoridation cannot be ignored and overall fluoridation is a good notion. It is sometimes viewed as unethical however, I think that because fluoride is already naturally in the water and has no proven harmful effects if a community votes to fluoridate it is ethically fair.



Research Paper Progress!

So far in my research paper on water fluoridation I have chosen my topic, narrowed down my topic down, researched my topic, written an outline, and written a rough draft. All I have left to do now is clean up some grammatical errors, get my citations in order, write a conclusion and add in a few more graphs to make my point more clear.

images-3 bigstock_resume_6385073


Employment History

I was employed part time at Little Caesars Pizza in Winchester, Va for about six months before I had to quit because of relocation.

I have had multiple babysitting jobs, one of these included taking care of two elementary school aged girls full time during the summer while there mother was at work.



I graduated in 2013 from Clarke County High School with honors as well as receiving a General Education Certificate from Lord Fairfax Community College in 2013 through dual enrollment.

I am currently enrolled in University of Mary Washington as a second semester freshman and hope to graduate in 2017. I have not yet defined my major but I hope to by the end of next school year.


Historic Preservation: Building Description

Lewis Store, which is located on 1200 Caroline street is a primarily brick, three bay Georgian style establishment. Though this dwelling is currently 2.5 stories when it was originally built in 1749 it was only 1.5 stories. The second story was added in 1807  while the building was being restored due to damage done by a fire. Lewis Store is located on the corner of East Caroline and Lewis Streets with the primary elevation on East Caroline Street and the secondary elevation on Lewis Street.

Lewis store is rectangular in shape and relatively small. The windows and doors of the building are laid out symmetrically. Though Lewis store is mainly brick there are wood frames surrounding the windows. The bricks on the primary and secondary elevations are laid in a flemish-bond pattern. However on the gable they are laid in an english-bond pattern. One interesting features of the structure are the quoins. The quoins are rather large and appear to be made of sand stone and end four layers of brick before the roof begins.
There is one brick exterior end chimney situated on the rear of Lewis store.  The structure has a very uniform front gable roof, which has a white wooden frame around the the outside and gutters around the sides. The doors of the structure are located in the center of both the primary and secondary elevations. They are both flush doors, made of wood, painted white and slightly indented into the wall. Both doors also have a five panel transom above them. However, the primary elevation door differs from that of the secondary elevation due to the jack arch situated above it.
All of the windows are double hung with white wood frames and no glaze, shutters, or blinds. The windows of the primary elevation, first story are on either side of the door and are both nine over six. Just like the door on this elevation both windows have jack arches above them. The second story, primary elevation windows are lined up with those of the first story however, both of these double hung widows are six over six just like the attic window which is centered in-between and above the second story windows. The windows of the first story second elevation follow the same pattern as the primary elevation with 9 over 6 double hung windows on either side of the door. On the second story of this elevation there are three windows which are symmetrically positioned with one directly above the door and the other two in line with the windows below them.
Because, the building is located on a hill in order to reach the door on the primary elevation there are two stone steps with a metal hand railing on the right side. Lewis store appears to be holding up exceptionally for it’s 206 years. However, some of the sandstone quoins are becoming worn out and look as though they will eventually need repair along with some of the bricks. This property characterizes the georgian style perfectly with it’s gable roof, symmetry, transoms, and double hung windows.

FLOW: Summary

FLOW or for the love of water is a documentary about the crisis we are facing involving the limited supply of fresh water on earth. It shows various examples of ways that humans continue to deplete this source and the effect that this limited supply is having on people. Though this film features experts on this crisis it seems to be one sided in the case of only showing the opinions of people being effected by companies such as nestle polluting the water and not the opinions of the companies themselves.

One topic of the documentary that really struck me was the discussion of a river in Bolivia. This river is completely red with blood due to an upstream slaughterhouse dumping animal remains into it. People who depended on this river for a fresh water supply are now forced to find new sources. Rather than trying to clean up this mess the government just covers it with concrete.

Problems like the red river in Bolivia do not only happen in other countries. Companies like Nestle, Pepsi, and Coca Cola are polluting water here in the U.S. everyday. There are also chemicals in water here that are banned in other countries. These chemicals enter our bodies not only through drinking water but also through showering.

I thought that despite a level of bias FLOW was a very informative film. It got it’s point across and really impacted the viewer. I liked the way it showed examples of the effects of how oblivious people are to the importance of clean water from not only other countries but the U.S. too. This film is educational and entertaining at the same time which is hard to come across. I would definitely recommend watching it.

Good Grade

My Goals!


  • My main goal for this semester is to do better than last semester which means I need to get all A’s and B’s.
  • My goals for my sophomore year of college include to continue getting good grades, decide on a major, and get more involved in the college community at UMW.
  • My goals for my junior and senior years of college are again to keep up with my grades, focus on attaining a degree in my major, begin looking for jobs and internships in my major, and to stay involved in my community.
  • My main goal for after college is to get a good job that has to do with my major. I also hope to do a lot of traveling when I get out of school though this would involve money so a good job would be a necessity before I start looking too much into that.



World facing ‘catastrophic consequences’ over looming water shortages

“World facing ‘catastrophic consequences’ over looming water shortages” is a factual article (however it does include some opinions from the author) published by Natural News: Natural Health News & Scientific Discoveries.
This article starts out by describing the importance and value of water calling it “the world’s most precious resource.”   It then goes on to describe the looming possibility of running out of this essential resource. There are three main causes of the depleting supply of fresh water. These causes are climate change, pollution, and overuse of resources. The opinion of the author is that the government should begin to ration water now before we begin to see consequences of our carelessness. 4.5 billion people live near a water source that is impaired or may run out soon if actions are not taken. Because populations are growing so quickly water supplies which are already dropping may not be able to keep up with this rapid growth. This article makes it clear that water is not as abundant as most people seem to think and sometime soon in the future people will be forced to realize that.

“Fish living near the equator will not thrive in the warmer oceans of the future”

This is a factual article which was published in the American news website Science Daily. The article titled “Fish living near the equator will not thrive in the warmer oceans of the future” is mainly about the research done by an international team which shows results that suggest that aquatic life that inhabit areas near the equator will be greatly effected by quickly rising ocean temperatures. The research was done by Dr Rummer and her team. They studied 6 different species of fish that are prominent near the equator.The ocean temperature is rising at rates that fish have never before had to adjust to, it is predicted that the ocean temperature will rise two to three degrees Celsius within the next century. Fish that live by the equator have experienced a very small range of temperatures throughout their life therefore a temperature change like this will be likely to cause fish to migrate to areas with temperatures more suited to their needs. This raises an issue because many people living near the equator rely on these fish as a source of food and income. Without these fish their livelihood is at stake.


ARC Centre of Excellence in Coral Reef Studies. (2014, February 11). Fish living near the equator will not thrive in the warmer oceans of the future. ScienceDaily. Retrieved February 11, 2014 from



Explore a topic, Write a bibliography!

  • I am interested in water bottle pollution.
  • I think my focus might be on different popular water bottle companies and their overall track record when it comes to pollution.
  • In this search I used the following key words water bottle, pollution, companies.
  • 6 sources I found that related to my idea were: